The atmosphere is an important (1) pathway by which mercury (Hg) is transported around the globe and (2) source of Hg to ecosystems. Thus, understanding Hg atmospheric chemistry is critical for understanding the biogeochemical cycle and impacts to human and ecosystem health. Work over the past 13 years has demonstrated that the standard instrument used to measure atmospheric Hg does not accurately quantify gaseous oxidized mercury (GOM) or particulate bound mercury (PBM). This study focused on comparing four methods for quantifying atmospheric Hg and identifying Hg(II) compounds. Data from two automated systems, the Tekran 2537/1130 system and the University of Nevada, Reno-Dual Channel System (DCS), were compared with two University of Nevada, Reno-Reactive Mercury Active Systems (RMAS 2.0). One RMAS 2.0 included cation exchange membranes (CEMs) and nylon membranes, and the second included a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membrane upstream of the CEM and nylon membranes. The Tekran system and the DCS underestimated GOM concentrations with respect to that measured using the RMAS 2.0. The RMAS 2.0 with the upstream PTFE provided a means of distinguishing GOM and PBM. Thermal desorption of nylon membrane data identified a variety of GOM and PBM compounds present.